If you ask people with clear, healthy skin what their secrets are, they would either swear by their skincare routines or tell you it’s just how they’ve always been — no skincare needed.
The truth is, while having a regimen is important, it is not a fix-all for all skin problems. Likewise, possessing a genetic jackpot ticket does not automatically guarantee flawless skin. It’s a combination of both things and other factors, such as lifestyle habits, diet, and environment.
But which of the two matters more for good, younger-looking skin?
How genetics affects the skin
Genetics certainly plays a role in your skin’s health.
A 2021 study suggested that genetic factors play a role in determining the occurrence of sensitive skin. Numerous studies also suggested that people with sensitive skin are more likely to suffer from various skin issues, including acne, redness, freckles, rosacea, and contact dermatitis.
Genetics plays a role in skin aging as well, according to research. A review published in the journal Scientific Reports of 44 genome-wide association studies on skin aging said skin aging is the result of intrinsic genetic and extrinsic lifestyle factors.
Meanwhile, in a study conducted by Olay and Harvard Medical School, researchers found that women who looked at least 10 years younger than their actual age had two genetic variations in common, which they called “forever-young” markers.
How skincare and lifestyle affect the skin
While genes have their say in skin matters, it’s not a green light to toss aside your skincare products and label them as irrelevant. Regardless of whether you were blessed with good genes or not, you’re still the captain of your skin ship.
Although the study by Olay found that youthful-looking women had a shared gene fingerprint expression, they also found that these women had healthy habits in terms of skincare, wellness, and attitude as a common denominator, contributing to their ageless appearance.
Research studies have confirmed the multifaceted benefits of skincare products, with their efficacy varying with the ingredients used.
For instance, a study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology found that applying niacinamide topically on aging skin improves its surface, reduces wrinkles, and helps prevent sun-related skin damage.
Using a serum or moisturizer with peptides has been found to result in firmer, younger-looking skin and possibly fewer breakouts, according to Healthline.
Furthermore, countless personal accounts underscore the transformative power of a diligent skincare regimen on skin’s health.
In conclusion, clear and healthy skin is the result of many factors, including genetics, environmental influences, lifestyle decisions, and dedicated skincare habits.